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ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): علَيكُم بِالصَّومِ؛ فإنّهُ مَحسَمَةٌ للعُرُوقِ ومَذهَبَةٌ للأشَرِ.

‪The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Fasting is incumbent upon you, for verily it severs the roots [of desires] and removes wildness.’[Kanz al-`Ummal, no. 23610]

ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): لِكُلِّ شَيءٍ زكاةٌ وزكاةُ الأبدانِ الصِّيامُ.

‪The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Everything has a zakat, and the zakat of the bodies is to fast.’[Faza’il al-Ashhur al-Thalatha, p. 75, no. 57]

ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): صُومُوا تَصِحُّوا.

‪The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Fast and you will be healthy.’[al-Da`aawat, p. 76, no. 179]

ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): الصائمُ في عِبادَةِ اللّه‏ِ وإن كانَ نائماً على فِراشِهِ، ما لَم يَغتَبْ مُسلِماً.

‪The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘The fasting person is in constant worship of Allah, even when he is sleeping in his bed, as long as he does not backbite a fellow Muslim.’[Thawab al-A`amal, p. 75, no. 1]

ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ما مِن صائمٍ يَحضُرُ قَوماً يَطعَمُونَ إلّا سَبَّحَت أعضاؤهُ، وكانَت صَلاةُ الملائكةِ علَيهِ، وكانَت صَلاتُهُم استِغفاراً.

‪The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘No sooner does a fasting person come upon a group of people eating than his limbs glorify Allah on his behalf, the angels invoke blessings on him, and this invocation of theirs is counted as seeking forgiveness on his behalf.’[Ibid. p. 77, no. 1]

ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): الصَّومُ جُنَّةٌ مِن النارِ .

‪The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Fasting acts as a shield from the Fire.’[al-Kafi, v. 4, p. 62, no. 1]

ـ فاطمةُ الزَّهراءُ (عَلَيهَا الّسَلامُ): فَرَضَ اللّه‏ُ الصِّيامَ تَثبِيتاً لِلإخلاصِ.

‪Fatima al-Zahra’ (AS) said, ‘Allah made fasting obligatory in order to reinforce sincere devotion [to Him].’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 96, p. 368, no. 4]

ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الصِّيامُ والحَجُّ تَسكِينُ القُلوبِ.

‪Imam al-Baqir (AS) said, ‘The fast and the obligatory pilgrimage (Hajj) pacify the heart.’[Amali al-Tusi, p. 296, no. 582]

ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّ اللّه‏َ تبارَكَ وتعالى يقولُ: الصَّومُ لِي وأنا أجزِي علَيهِ.

‪Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Verily Allah, Blessed and most High, says, ‘The fast is solely for Me and I am its reward.’[al-Kafi, v. 4, p. 63, no. 6]

ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): نَومُ الصائمِ عِبادَةٌ، وصَمتُهُ تَسبيحٌ، وعَمَلُهُ مُتَقَبَّلٌ، ودُعاؤهُ مُستَجابٌ.

‪Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘A fasting person’s sleep is worship, his silence is glorification of Allah, his good deeds are accepted, and his supplication is answered.’[al-Faqih, v. 2, p. 76, no. 1783]

ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لِلصائمِ فَرحَتانِ: فَرحَةٌ عندَ إفطارِهِ، وفَرحَةٌ عندَ لِقاءِ رَبِّهِ .

‪Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘A fasting person has two sources of joy: his joy when he opens his fast and his joy at meeting his Lord.’[al-Kafi, v. 4, p. 65, no. 15]

ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن فَطَّرَ صائماً فلَهُ مِثلُ أجرِهِ .

‪Imam al-Sadiq (AS) said, ‘Whoever offers a fasting person something with which to open his fast obtains the same reward as him.’[Ibid. p. 68, no. 1]

ـ الإمامُ العسكريُّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لمّا سُئلَ عن عِلَّةِ وُجوبِ الصَّومِ ـ: لِيَجِدَ الغَنِيُّ مَسَّ الجُوعِ؛ فَيَمُنَّ على الفَقيرِ .

‪Imam al-`Aaskari (AS) was once asked the reasoning behind the obligation of fasting, to which he replied, ‘That the rich may experience the pain of hunger and bestow his generosity thereby upon the poor.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 96, p. 369, no. 50]

ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن صامَ يَوماً تَطَوُّعاً فلو اُعطِيَ مِل‏ءَ الأرضِ ذَهَباً ماوَفّى أجرَهُ دُونَ يَومِ الحِسابِ .

‪The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘He who fasts a single day of his own accord is rewarded to such an extent that even if he was to be given the whole world’s worth of gold for it, the reward he deserves would not be fulfilled until the Day of Resurrection.’[Ma`ani al-Akhbar, p. 409, no. 91]

ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن صامَ يَوماً تَطَوُّعاً ابتِغاءَ ثَوابِ اللّه‏ِ وَجَبَت لَهُ المَغفِرَةُ .

‪The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘He who fasts a single day of his own accord, wishing to procure the reward of Allah, [Allah makes] his forgiveness mandatory.’[Amali al-Saduq, p. 443, no. 2]

ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): يقولُ اللّه‏ُ عَزَّوجلَّ مَن لَم تَصُمْ جَوارِحُهُ عن مَحارِمِي فلا حاجَةَ لي في أن يَدَعَ طَعامَهُ وشَرابَهُ مِن أجلِي.

‪The Prophet (SAWA) said, ‘Allah, Mighty and Exalted, says, ‘He whose limbs do not fast by refraining from what I have prohibited, then there is no need for him to refrain from food and drink for My sake.’[al-Firdaws, v. 5, p. 242, no. 8075]

ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الصِّيامُ اجتِنابُ المَحارِمِ كما يَمتَنِعُ الرجُلُ مِن الطَّعامِ والشَّرابِ.

‪Imam Ali (AS) said, ‘Fasting is just as much keeping away from prohibited things as it is keeping away from food and drink.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 96, p. 294, no. 21]

ـ فاطمةُ الزَّهراءُ (عَلَيهَا الّسَلامُ): ما يَصنَعُ الصائمُ بِصِيامِهِ إذا لَم يَصُنْ لِسانَهُ وسَمعَهُ وبَصَرَهُ وجوارِحَهُ؟!

‪Fatima al-Zahra’ (AS) said, ‘What is the fasting person doing with his fast if he is not guarding his tongue, his hearing, his sight and his limbs [from sins]?! [Da`aim al-Islam, v. 1, p. 268]

ـ محمّد بن مسلم: قالَ أبو عبدِ اللّه‏ِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إذا صُمتَ فَلْيَصُمْ سَمعُكَ وبَصَرُكَ وشَعرُكَ وجِلدُكَ وعَدَّدَ أشياءَ غَيرَ هذا، وقالَ: لا يكونُ يومُ صَومِكَ كَيَومِ فِطرِكَ .

‪Muhammad b. Muslim narrated, ‘Abu `Aabdillah (AS) [i.e. Imam al-Sadiq] said, ‘When you fast, your hearing must fast, along with your sight, your hair, your skin…’ and he listed a number of other things, and said, ‘The day that you fast must not be like a day that you do not fast.’[al-Kafi, v. 4, p. 87, no. 1]

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